Trucks and tractors (including tractor trucks) with a maximum total permissible weight over 3.5 tons, as well as vehicle trains composed of such vehicles and the towed trailer or semi-trailer. In the system three categories are distinguished based on the number of axles (J2, J3, J4). The number of axles can be also modified during road use under certain conditions.
According to Section 9 (1) of Act LXVII of 2013 (effective from: 19.10.2021) payment and information obligation shall not be applicable to:
a) Hungarian Defense Force, National Security Service, as well as law enforcement bodies specified in the act on national defense and the Hungarian Defense Force, as well as measures that can be taken in special law and order, with regard to the motor vehicles operated by the same;
b) foreign armed forces deployed to or transiting Hungary, and international military headquarters established in Hungary, for their official or service motor vehicles, as well as other organizations for their motor vehicles which are exempt under international treaties, international conventions or on grounds of reciprocity;
c) entities performing operational duties on unit toll sections:
ca) motor vehicles operated by a concession company performing operational duties on concession public roads or business organizations commissioned by the same for the performance of operational duties;
cb) in the case of national public roads not falling in the category specified in point ca), motor vehicles operated by the public road operator appointed by the minister to manage the national public roads, and those performing winter road cleaning and maintenance during the winter period, as certified by the authorized representative of the public road operator, under the contract signed with the public road operator;
d) the toll charger, for the motor vehicles used for the discharge of its duties;
e) persons or entities authorized to use distinctive warning signals, for motor vehicles with registration numbers issued in Hungary, regardless of whether such distinctive warning signals are in actual use while circulating on a unit tolled section;
f) operators of motor vehicles involved in the prevention or control of damage caused by disasters as specified within the meaning of the Disaster Relief Act, during the discharge of such duties, as well as members of volunteer fire brigades, municipal and institutional fire departments, and voluntary or mandatory civil protection units, for the motor vehicles used in the course of the exercise ordered;
g) the transport authority, for the motor vehicles which it operates and uses to discharge its duties as a transport authority;
h) vehicles subject to international treaties, international conventions (NATO, Schengen Agreement) and reciprocity;
i) operators of motor vehicles transporting humanitarian aid, during the discharge of such duties;
j) For the motor vehicle operated by the entity established to operate the public road network of the country neighboring Hungary in order to fulfil its public road operation tasks, if it uses the two unit toll sections nearest to the state border of the two affected states;
k) the motor vehicles operated by those fulfilling transportation tasks ordered in crisis situation caused by mass migration as set out in the Act on the country border – during the performance of such transportation tasks.
(2) Unless otherwise provided for by this Act, the exemption under paragraph (1) shall apply to the free-of-charge use of unit tolled sections and public roads charged with a toll in the absence of authorization by the public road operator, based on entry in the register of persons/entities authorized to use vehicles exceeding the permissible gross weight or the maximum permitted axle load (hereinafter: “the exemption register”). The scope of exemption shall extend only to the period of no more than one year specified in the notification.
(3) For tolled motor vehicles, the minister may, in the ministerial decree on the rules for the removal of stranded motor vehicles posing a hazard to the safety of road traffic, establish rules in derogation of paragraph (1) in respect of cars transported to rest areas to ensure the safety of traffic.
Section 10 Operators of vehicles shall have no toll payment and toll declaration obligations following a prior notification of the transport administration authority for vehicles specified in Section 9 paragraph (1) points a), e) and g) or electronically with direct access for vehicles specified in point a), to the authority responsible for public road transport registration for vehicles specified in points b) to d), h), j) and k), and to the disaster relief authority for vehicles specified in points f) and i), following acknowledgement of such notification and registration in the exemption register.
Section 11 (1)
(2) In the case of vehicles subject to international treaties, international conventions and reciprocity, vehicles transporting international humanitarian aid, and motor vehicles involved in the prevention or control of damage caused by disasters as specified within the meaning of the Disaster Relief Act, temporary authorizations for toll-free use shall be entered in the register by the authority authorized for international communications, as well as the disaster relief authority pursuant to paragraph (1).